Glossary - Essential Mind Training / Self Help Terminology Index

Encompassing Aspects of Hypnosis, NLP, Meditation, Brainwave Entrainment & Eastern Philosophy

Ability (talents / abilities)
Abilities include both the innate natural gifts or skills which some naturally seem to inherit, while other abilities are consciously learned.

Abundance, in the self help industry, refers to both the physical life experience and also the mental aspect of abundance, which are interrelated to each other. On the physical side - it refers to a life experience of living with freedom, wealth and affluence, while the mental side relates to the mindset and belief that abundant opportunities, money, and resources are available to live a successful life of financial freedom and happiness, without the necessity or need to strive or struggle.

Accelerated Healing
Healing is an automatic function controlled by the immune system. As the subconscious governs the immune system, this opens the possibility of accelerating the healing response by embedding positive suggestions within the subconscious via hypnotic means. It is also known some people heal faster than others due to their faster metabolisms.

In the self help area, the term acceptance is the mental act of being willing to respect, abide by or tolerate a specific situation or person. This can also apply to aspects of one's self or own life - as self-acceptance is an important building block to healthy self esteem. Acceptance can help to heal unresolved short and long-term issues, and bring about increased levels of happiness and contentment.

Achievements are the personal milestones by which modern life success is often measured, by individuals and those around them, though these are not necessarily essential in order to experience happiness and peace of mind.

Acknowledgment in regard to mind training is the realization, acceptance and recognition of a particular aspect of information. For instance, when someone retires from a company after working there for many years, their work and service are often acknowledged, in appreciation for their efforts. In the self help industry, self-acknowledgment for one's life and abilities is an important building block for building self esteem.

In the modality of self help, action is regarded as a necessary aspect to of any form of achievement in life, as any thought always requires action in order to produce a tangible result.

Action Cures Fear
A term originally coined by Dr. David Schwartz in his book Magic of Thinking Big, it is often quoted and used as an efficient method for moving through, and beyond, fear.



Affirmations (often known as mantras) are an ancient mind technique, now popular and scientifically validated in the modern day. This is where a person mentally or verbally recites and repeats words, phrases or statements, designed to bring about some specific or general positive changes. These can be used for a variety of different reasons - such as use for motivation, facilitating mental, emotional or spiritual transformation, reducing the amount of negative chatter generated by the conscious mind, reinforcing new thoughts, overcoming barriers, and as a specific technique to enter a meditative state.

These are a mental or physical desire which creates a dependence, loss of control, and specific patterns of behavior unique to each person. These can continue to strengthen over time when left unchecked, and can affect physical and mental health - and includes continual repetitive actions, ingestions or the use of something, without understanding or realizing the possible ramifications that this repeated and compounding behavior may create. Common addictions include drugs, smoking, alcohol, gambling, gaming, work, sex, working out at the gym, and even the addictive use of the phone - along with many thousands of other types of addictive behaviors.

Age Regression
A hypnotic method which regresses a person back to an earlier time in their life, which bring with it the associated words, memories and behaviors relating to those specific times. This method can be used as a way of releasing present-day issues which may be deeply rooted back to previous experiences from childhood or an earlier time in the person's life.

The lightly relaxed brainwave state, operating at 8-12 Hz - renowned for calm disposition, stronger attention, excellent for learning new information and efficient performance.

In self help, amnesia most likely refers to the mental burying of particular types of memories of past traumatic experiences, which means they cannot be recalled. This can be a type of subconscious protection, designed to shield the person from mentally reliving the details of previous traumas.

Anchor (trigger)
In NLP, an anchor is a particular thought or gesture which has been designed to bring about a specific desired mental or emotional response. An anchor is set up though the mental process of associating that response with the specific anchor. In hypnosis, this process is often called a hypnotic trigger or cue.

This is a term often used in neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) in regard to creating a way of recalling a particular desired mental or emotional state, through a mere physical gesture or sound which is programmed within the subconscious.

Anger is a powerful emotion which can either be a strong and spontaneous reaction, in response to a situation or person - or a long-held, simmering emotion which remains within the subconscious for long periods of time. The spontaneous reaction can be a positive and cathartic emotional release, which allows the person to release pent-up emotional energy and move forward with greater clarity of mind - while the latter tends to manifest as mental or emotional stress, which are often attributed to contributing towards the experiencing of various health-related issues.

This is often used as a positive alternative to experiencing apprehension, or stress, in regards to perceiving specific upcoming events, which may often be in situations which may have also previously triggered anxiety. This can allow the person perceive these future events in a more positive way, and reduce the experience of apprehension and anxiety.

Anxiety is a natural response triggered by a particular stressor, which causes fear or apprehension at varying levels for different people.

Appreciation refers to one of the Law of Attraction factors often espoused, in reference to manifesting - ie. that by feeling gratitude for everything that life provides you, you are magnetizing to you the very things you desire, in abundance.


Assertiveness is a personal communications skill, entailing being able to vocally defend your own, or someone else's rights, through calm and measured discourse. This ability may either be innate, a learned skill, or both - and is a form of communication which can be useful in many kinds of social and business situations.

Athletes often look to training their mind in order to access their highest potential and achieve their sporting goals. Mental training can often help to deliver their peak level of performance, often referred to as being 'in the zone'.

A person's attitude refers to their particular mental or cognitive outlook, approach, perspective, feeling or mindset towards something or someone.

Audio technology is now used more and more to provide hypnosis exercises and meditations, in the form of a variety of brainwave entrainment soundtracks, hypnotic recordings, etc.

Auditory refers to the human sense of hearing sound.

The subconscious operates most of its countless functions on automatic pilot, such as our heartbeat, respiration and cellular renewal - and hypnosis is often used to access this ability in order to embed additional positive aspects designed to improve client's life experiences.

Auto-Pilot means an automatic response which is often an involuntary action, triggered without conscious thought. In the area of self help and mental training, people often use hypnosis to overcome negative unconscious responses in their lives, while athletes may use it to break their negative patterns and program positive new responses, to various situations.

Awakening refers to the final process of hypnosis, where the recipient is roused from the relaxation state, back to the fully awakened, alert state.

Awareness refers to a person's level of knowledge and perceptiveness of a situation (see self awareness).

Behavior (behaviour)
The various unique patterns involving our human physical and mental activity, some of which may involve activities which may be healthy, or detrimental, to ourselves or to others. In the area of self-help, this is where we may incorporate the use various modalities in order to influence the mind and body towards more positive and life-affirming types of behavior, and moving away from those which may be more harmful.

Behavior modification
Behavior modification is regarded the changing of habitual behavior through the use of positive or negative reinforcement. eg. a person may promise themselves some special gift as a reward if they are able to reach their goal body weight.

A belief is a firmly set opinion, viewpoint, perspective, judgment or mindset about something, which a person accepts as fact even without supporting evidence.


Beta brainwaves
(the normal awakened state, vibrating at 13-30 Hz), alpha (lightly relaxed, 8-12 Hz), theta (extremely relaxed 4-8 Hz), delta (the slowest brainwave, and the deep sleep state - 0.5-4 Hz), and gamma (the high performance state, 32-100 Hz).

Binaural Beat
Binaural beats are a relatively recent form of sound wave therapy used with headphones, using a process of alternating different sound frequencies between each ear, and designed to synchronize brainwaves and assist with stress, anxiety and a variety of related issues.

A machine which provides feedback on body functions which we normally do not have any conscious control over, which allows us to develop some level of control over these functions in order to address various health issues.

Body scan
An effective and popular method of relaxation and hypnotic induction, focusing upon mentally relaxing a specific part of the body, before progressively moving on to the next area of the body - most often beginning with the feet, before working up through the body, finishing at the top of the head.

The brain is the body's physical control center, controlling the entire range of mental, physical and emotional functions via its extensive neural network.

Brainwave frequencies (oscillations)
The body's neural electrical brainwave activity moves through our nervous system at various different speeds or pulses of oscillation, which create differing conditions and behaviors within mind and body. These oscillations include those known as beta (the normal awakened state, vibrating at 13-30 Hz), alpha (lightly relaxed, 8-12 Hz), theta (extremely relaxed 4-8 Hz), delta (the slowest brainwave, and the deep sleep state - 0.5-4 Hz), and gamma (the high performance state, 32-100 Hz).

Brainwaves are the electrical communication system which operate within the vast neural network of the brain.

Brainwave Entrainment
The audio technology allowing our brainwave activity to be influenced in positive ways to bring about moves through our nervous system at various different speeds or pulses of oscillation, which create differing conditions and behaviors within mind and body. These oscillations include those known as beta (the normal awakened state, vibrating at 13-30 Hz), alpha (lightly relaxed, 8-12 Hz), theta (extremely relaxed 4-8 Hz), delta (the slowest brainwave, and the deep sleep state - 0.5-4 Hz), and gamma (the high performance state, 32-100 Hz).

Breath awareness
A popular meditation technique where the meditator focuses upon the rhythm of their breathing, in order to elicit the relaxation response.

Buddhism refers to the religion and its teachings which follow, and originated from, the original teachings of the ancient spiritual teacher and philosopher known as Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama from the 6th century BC. Unlike many religions, those following Buddhism do not pray to a particular god, and believe that everything in the world is in a constant state of change. The Buddhist's goal is to attain the state of nirvana, which is the ultimate state of freedom which achieves complete liberation from being reborn into another life (see reincarnation) - and allows them to follow Buddha's path to his ultimate destination of enlightenment.

A Buddhist is a person who practices or observes the teachings of Buddhism (see Buddhism).



Calm is a mental state, and the absence of stress or anxiety. Calmness provides mental clarity and promotes good health and wellbeing, while also being a powerful tool for change if used with positive hypnotic suggestion, as it also provides a window to accessing the powerful subconscious mind.

Catharsis (cathartic)
Catharsis - often called emotional release - is a process where a person releases repressed emotions from past experiences.

Chakra meditation
Chakra meditation is a form of meditation focused upon unblocking, cleansing and balancing the body's 7 natural energy centers, called chakras - which were defined in ancient times from Indian religious origins.

Co-dependence is a relatively modern term describing a person who relies heavily upon their relationship with another person, substance or process in order to operate or more fully function, in terms of the various physical, mental or spiritual needs of everyday life.

Cognitive (cognition)
This refers to the workings of the conscious and subconscious mind, including conscious thought, listening, understanding, learning, decision making, formulating opinions and beliefs, perception, reasoning, focusing, recalling memories and information, and other innate workings of the mind.

In the self help industry, a commitment is a mental promise made to oneself, the creating of an internal bond or contract you swear to honor, in regard to achieving or acting upon some form of pre-determined goal.

Concentration is mental focus directed upon a thought or physical object. Being able to focus for extended lengths of time is often regarded as a desirable trait synonymous with success in particular fields of endeavor, such as business or sport.

In the self help industry, confidence mostly pertains to self-confidence. This is the feelings of self-assurance, security, worthiness and of deserving love and acceptance, along with the assertiveness to actively pursue one's desires. It provides the internal fuel which helps to provide the feeling of a more meaningful existence.

Being conscious generally means to be awake, and being the opposite of unconscious - however in self help terms, it often refers to a person's level of conscious awareness - whether it be an awareness of themselves, their situation, their surroundings, or of those around them.

Conscious Awareness
Conscious awareness is your own level of knowing and awareness of your relationship with the world - including your surroundings, situation, thoughts, feelings and memories.

Conscious Mind
The conscious mind is the stream of cognitive thought operating within your mind, which is constantly operating during awakened hours - at an estimated 65,000 thoughts per day - but shuts down during the process of sleep.

Consciousness is the state of awareness, responsiveness and ability to interact with one's surroundings.


Creativity is the ability to create new, original or unique ideas from one’s own imagination.

Decision Making
Decision-making is often related to the solving of problems and troubleshooting, and is the cognitive function of deciding upon a particular course of action, from a selection of different choices. This function may occur either through the conscious process of applying logic and deduction, or through instinctive and intuitive hunches, or as a combination of these two processes.

Deepening techniques refer to various methods of deepening the levels of the relaxation state during a hypnotic induction.

Delta brainwaves
Delta brainwaves are the deepest and more more rejuvenating and restful state, operating at 0.5-4 Hz.

Depression is a type of mental health condition which causes mental and emotional feelings of dejection, despondency and unhappiness, and which may affect the regular operation of everyday life, relationships, sleep, health, energy, appetite and self image. Various different factors may be involved which may trigger this condition, and most often depression is treated through medication and / or intensive cognitive behavioral therapy.

Destructive Habits
Destructive habits are negative patterns in a person's life, which feel beyond their capabilities to control - which impact negatively upon either the individual, their wellbeing, or upon those around them.

Eastern Philosophy
Eastern philosophy encompasses a range of different philosophies of Asian origin, with some dating back to ancient times. Various practices such as meditation were derived from these philosophies, and have become mainstream in the western world.

EEG machine (Electroencephalography)
An EEG machine is a non-invasive method of monitoring and recording the levels of electrical activity within the brain, for the purposes of gaining insight into a person's level of cognitive health, and unrelated to thoughts or emotions.

To embed refers to embedding a positive hypnotic suggestion within the subconscious mind, while in the hypnotic state.

Emotional Release
An emotional release, sometimes called catharsis, is the releasing and letting go of built-up emotions related to a particular situation, person or event, which is often related to a previous distressing experience. This process is often triggered by the cognitive act of forgiveness.


Emotions are physiological moods which influence how we think, act and behave. Emotions can be influenced by life experiences, and are often termed as being positive or negative in nature. Experts still debate the exact nature of emotions, and whether they are influenced by cognitive aspects, thought it is well established that emotions can affect cognitive thinking. In the self help industry, blocked or built-up negative emotions are often encouraged to be released, as a form of catharsis, while calming positive influences may be used to increase the level of positive or pleasurable emotions.

Energy pertains to the forces and impetus that internally power the physical hardware and mental software, within our mind and body. When mind and body are healthy and rested, we often feel energised with an abundance of mental and physical vitality, which allows us to move through our day with enthusiasm.

Ericksonian Hypnosis
Ericksonian hypnosis is a specific type of hypnotherapy developed by Dr. Milton Erickson, which brings about behavioral change through less direct means of hypnotic suggestion than more traditional methods.

Erotic Hypnosis
Erotic hypnosis is most often the focusing of the hypnotic process on enhancing sexual abilities and satisfaction.

Exercise is mostly attributed to a physical workout, which delivers both physical and mental benefits to our wellbeing. A mental exercise is a form of problem solving which tests and sharpens cognitive functions. Both are positive contributors to levels of personal wellbeing.

Fear is a natural instinctive survival response, often called the 'fight or flight' response - which alerts us to any form of perceived danger, whether real or imagined. Some fears are positive in that they keep us safe from harm, while others can become debilitating if the fear becomes exaggerated or heightened in response to an danger or stimuli which may be imagined or of minuscule risk.

In self help, feedback is the information or results derived from some form of physical or mental test, in the quest for deeper understanding in order to make better choices going forward, and endeavoring to take the best and most logical path ahead.

Fight or Flight Reaction
An innate and involuntary reaction designed for protection and survival, usually triggered by the perceived threat of danger, stress or anxiety. It is a trait which has evolved down through the history of the human race, originating from the earliest known occurrences of mankind.

Focus is generally regarded as the concentrated mental attention directed towards a particular point of interest. In life, study, business and sport, focus is an important aspect in order to achieve the best possible result, and to realize one's full potential.

Forgiveness is the conscious decision to mentally or emotionally release or let go of a vendetta, grudge or argument, and the various negative thoughts often related to the issue. Forgiveness is regarded as a cathartic and emotionally liberating response, which relieves internal stress and opens the possibility for greater happiness and contentment.

Gamma brainwaves
Gamma brainwaves are regarded as the high performance state, which operates at a much faster, higher level of brainwave oscillation than beta, alpha, theta or delta levels (at the range of 32-100 Hz) - and provides markedly heightened levels of awareness, cognitive function, focus, perception, memory, accelerated learning, and is often regarded as the brainwave of higher consciousness.



Goals are strong and deliberate intentions, which often helps to create the necessary motivation, planning and actions required to move towards the achievement of the goal.

Goal Setting
Goal setting is the creation of a plan of action, designed to help map out a pathway of actions, necessary for reaching and attaining a specific goal.

Guided Meditation
A guided meditation is a specific type of meditation where the person is mentally guided through the process through various verbal or auditory cues.

Habits are patterns of human behavior - and a successful life is generally regarded as one which possesses a number of positive and life affirming habits, while those battling with a extensive life issues are more likely to possess habits which are less conducive to vibrant health, happiness and wellbeing. Positive habitual change is often one of the big focuses in the areas of self help and mind training.

In the area of self help, headphones are extremely useful as they allow the user to fully absorb whatever information, meditative or hypnotic processes are playing from their device, and help to filter out and exclude extraneous noise and distractions.

Healing refers to the improvement in condition in a mental or physical affliction.

Hetero Hypnosis
Hetero hypnosis involves a state of hypnosis created by an external person or audio recording, usually for the purpose of relaxation or self improvement.

Hypnosis is a state of consciousness which allows greater access to the subconscious, for the purpose of embedding new suggestions designed to enhance self improvement, increased relaxation, confidence, and a wide variety of other areas.

A hypnotherapist is trained in the modality of hypnosis, which provides a tool to facilitate change and self improvement via increased access to the subconscious mind, in accordance with their clients' wishes.

Hypnotherapy is a form of therapy using relaxation, designed to increase a recipient's level of suggestibility through increased access to the subconscious mind, and for embedding new thoughts or hypnotic suggestions. This form of therapy is often used for the purposes of self improvement, increased relaxation, or improving confidence, self image, relationships, and overcoming a variety of mental barriers such as fears and phobias.

Hypnotic pertains to an aspect of the modality of hypnosis, such as a hypnotic suggestion or hypnotic trance.

Hypnotic Trigger (cue / anchor)
A hypnotic trigger is where a hypnotic suggestion is used to associate a specific gesture, action or thought with a related action, behavior or emotion - in order to create a positive, automated and pre-programmed response, which can be used at any time the recipient requires to use it. eg. sports people often use hypnotic triggers to create the mental state of peak performance, for use when they are in the heat of competition.

Hypnotic Suggestions
Hypnotic suggestions are positive commands, usually recited by a hypnotherapist, to a person when they are in a mentally relaxed or hypnotic state, with the intention of creating some form of positive change in their life. eg. For the purpose of eating healthier foods, a hypnotic suggestion might be "You increasingly enjoy eating fresh nutritious foods, such as..."

Imagination is the creative ability of human beings to spontaneously formulate new thoughts, ideas, concepts and mental images in the mind, without necessarily possessing pre-existing or experiential knowledge in the thought or concept. Imagination has brought about most of the greatest inventions throughout the history of mankind.

Imagery is closely related to visualization, and involves mentally imagining various scenarios as realistically as possible, with the assistance of utilizing as many senses as possible in order to increase the internal perception of realism.

Improvement, or self-improvement, is a term often used pertaining to a specific area of life, and is often the primary goal for people in all areas of society and human endeavor.

Intention is a pre-determined aim or purpose behind an action, designed to ultimately attain a particular result. eg. Having the intention to lose weight and attain a specific level of body weight, may bring about actions such as eating more nutritious food and increasing the amount of physical exercise.

In The Zone (Flow State)
Sometimes called the Flow State, when a person is described as being 'in the zone' they are referring to this person's ability to perform at the peak of their powers, usually in some particular area of their expertise.


An induction is the beginning or preparation phase of the hypnotic state, where a person is guided into a state of relaxation.

Inner Critic
The inner critic is a term used in modern times referring to thoughts generated by the conscious mind, containing harsh judgment or critism of oneself.

Inner Voice
The inner voice is a term often used in regard to a person's innate 'gut instinct' or intuitive hunches when facing a range of choices in a specific situation.

Insomnia is a form of sleeping disorder where a person finds difficulty in drifting off, or remaining, asleep. People who regularly experience insomnia often experience increased tiredness, fatigue and stress during their waking hours.

Inspirational means something that inspires a person - whether it be an inspirational thought, quote, book, person, movie etc. eg. people often find stories about people who have successfully overcome extremely difficult odds, experiences or situations, to be inspirational.

Inspirations are any aspects which a person finds to be inspiring, motivating or uplifting - often used in various modalities to help guide a person towards a more positive frame of mind.

An instinct is a natural and intuitive response to a particular situation, environment, thought or stimuli, which may be in the form of a thought, action or emotion. It is often the very first and initial reaction, preceding mental debate or considered thought which may possibly follow.

Intuition is a type of subconscious, intuitive hunch or gut instinct about something, which appear in the form of a thought or feeling, and which may be congruent, or contrary, to one's mindset or beliefs. It is the result of the subconscious mind's survival instinct, which scans the archives of your internal memory bank and previous experiences, and creates an automated response to a particular situation.

Kinesthetic refers to touch and sensations, and some people are more naturally inclined to process or receive information better in this format than through visual or auditory means.

Law of Attraction
The law of attraction is a modern school of thought which follows the belief that thoughts allow people to magnetize, attract and have some level of control over their personal circumstances.

Life refers to our existence on this planet, and the various range of patterns, thoughts, behaviors and actions we make during our lifetime, which influence our experiences.

Lotus position
The lotus position is a cross-legged sitting position, popular in yoga, and commonly used in various Eastern religions for meditative purposes.


In terms of self help, the emotion of love is one of the most powerful internal healing agents, often releasing positive natural chemicals into the bloodstream such as endorphins, from the vast natural drugstore that housed within our body's immune system. Love for one's self - or self love, is also an enormously potent and transformational factor in terms of boosting self esteem, self image and confidence.

Manifesting (manifestation)
Manifesting is another major factor mentioned in The Secret, which uses the spiritual Law of Attraction premise that by focusing your thoughts, and regularly visualizing in your mind what you desire, helps to bring the visualized scenarios into being a natural part of your everyday reality.

Mantra (affirmation)
Mantras are originally an ancient technique, where a sound was repeatedly chanted aloud, in order to bring about meditative states, and to make various requests to the ancient Gods of the time. Nowadays, the technique has become more scientifically validated in regards to the brainwave changes the technique can help to facilitate, and the method has since evolved and been expanded for more modern everyday uses. They are now practiced for a range of various different reasons - whether it be to bring about transformation (mental, emotional or the spiritual realm), clearing the mind, reinforcing positive new thoughts, dissolving personal issues or barriers, or for their original use back in ancient time - ie. to enter a meditative state. The simple way of using a mantra is to mentally or verbally recite specific words, phrases or statements, over and over again.

Mantra Meditation
A mantra meditation is a type of meditation technique where the mind relaxes by focusing upon the repetition of a recited mantra, such as a specific sound, word or phrase - which may be recited aloud, or silently in the mind.

Meditation refers to the ancient practice of calming and relaxing the mind, which modern science informs us slows the brainwave oscillations down from our everyday awakened 'beta' level, down to deeper and more relaxed states, such as Alpha (lightly relaxed state) or progressing down to Theta levels (a deeper state). Meditation can be achieved through an enormous amount of different methods, many of which evolved from the ancient times. Nowadays, science has widely credited the practice of meditation to provide enormous physical health and mental benefits. Modern technology has now also brought about brainwave enhancing audio soundtracks, which allow the meditator to more easily achieve deeper mental states of relaxation, which once previously required many years of meditation practice to achieve.

Memories of past experiences, particularly traumatic ones, often becomes a major influence in our present life, at the unconscious level - and this is where various mind training methods such as hypnosis can play a major role in dissolving the various negative aspects of these, and reinforcing the positive.

Mental refers to the cognitive functions of the mind.

Mental Attitude
Mental attitude refers to the general focus of your everyday thoughts, particularly in regard to your own life. Mental attitudes are often categorized as being either leaning towards the positive, or the negative, side - though most often humans generally have a balance somewhere between these two opposite polarities.

Mental Clarity
Mental clarity refers to the process of thinking with a clear mind which is relatively free of unrelated thoughts and mental clutter.

Mental Health
Mental health has an affect upon all areas of our life, and refers to the efficient functioning of the mind's various processes, in relation to how a person is thinking, feeling and acting.

Mental Toughness
Mental toughness is a term often used in sport to describes a mental attitude of resilience, which has the ability to withstand various pressures of competition, to ultimately excel and succeed.

Mental Training
Mental training refers to the various techniques which can be used to train the mind for better performance and efficiency. These can be used for a wide range of different purposes, such as for improving sports or business performance.

A metaphor is an NLP term of communication, often used in hypnosis - which offers an alternative scenario which may represent a specific or traumatic life event, in order to deal with this event without causing distress or mental objection or resistance. eg. A person who is struggling with anxiety might be guided to imagine walking along a path, which represents their life - before approaching a gate which opens to a new world of safety and protection. The metaphor would represent leaving their old anxiety behind and moving forward into a new life of calm safety and emotional control.

The term metaphysical is a philosophy encompassing the various aspects of life, nature, space, time, matter and potentiality, and their relationship with our relatively limited perception and sensory limitations.


Milton Erickson
Milton Erickson is the creator of Ericksonian hypnosis, and often considered the 'father of hypnotherapy'. He was a psychologist and psychiatrist, and founding president of the American Society for Clinical Hypnosis, and his work became an important influence in a range of other modalities and therapies which since evolved through the years, including neuro-linguistic programming (NLP).

The mind encompasses the vast variety of different functions which take place within brain, which affect how we think, believe, feel, act and behave. The mind allows us to observe, perceive, and logically and intelligently think through, or reason, a solution to a problem - just as easily as it can imagine creative new concepts, feel an instinctive inclination, and experience a range of emotions.

Mind / Body
Mind / body is a term often used to refer to the strong inter-relationship which exists between the mental and physical aspects of the body.

Mind's Eye
The mind's eye is a term which developed from eastern spiritualism, referring to the concept of an spiritual 'eye' purported to provide enhanced intuitive, perceptive and metaphysical powers. It is located on the forehead, both above, and between, the eyes - and is mentioned in various Indian spiritual practices such as being one of the 7 chakras, or energy centers, in the body.

Mindfulness meditation
Mindfulness meditation uses the technique of focusing one's attention onto a single thought, location, or task, in order to bring deeper levels of relaxation, insight and clarity of mind.

Mind Map
A mind map is an image or diagram designed as a visual tool, for helping to focus and expand cognitive functions. It associates the various interlinked relationships between different aspects of one's life, encompassing its wide array of different facets, and can provide increased clarity and understanding of how a person's life works.

A mindset is a person's mental approach to life, governing thoughts, emotions and behavior, and shaped by accumulated knowledge and beliefs.

Modeling (NLP)
Modeling is an Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) term where a person may naturally inherit or receive skills, traits or abilities, through close regular contact or exposure to a person who possesses stronger or expert levels of those specific talents, traits or abilities.

Mood refers to a person's emotional state.

Morale is a word usually describing the general level of optimism, confidence, interest and enthusiasm in a particular person or group of people, at a specific point in time. eg. After overcoming some initial challenges and achieving some successful milestones, their morale was high.

Motivation is the mental impetus, drive or desire to achieve a particular goal. eg. A person's motivation to succeed in business.

Muscle Memory
Muscle memory is the establishing an automated physical response through constant practice and physical repetition. eg. a sports athlete practices their various skills constantly in order to automate the various skills important to their performance. Using mental training techniques, muscle memory may also be established through cognitive means, such as mentally imagining the successful repetition of particular skills.

In the area of self help, the word natural often pertains to natural abilities a person may have been endowed with which might be regarded as unconsciously innate or inborn, as opposed to having been consciously learned through instruction.


Negative Thoughts
Negative thoughts are thoughts which are generally pessimistic in nature. People who are experiencing issues or problems in their lives tend to experience an over-abundance of negative thoughts, which may affect mindset, mental health and wellbeing. These thoughts may be in contrast with positive thoughts, which are their polar opposite - or with relatively neutral thoughts, which are counter-balanced between the negative and the positive.

Negativity is related to negative thoughts, and pertains to a mindset which is generally pessimistic in nature.

Nervous system
The nervous system is the transmission of information through the vast network of nerves and cells, which transport electrical signals around the body in order to create various physical or mental responses.

Nervousness is a form of anxiety or tension, caused by a build up of nervous energy and negative thoughts. Some level of temporary nervousness is completely natural, such as times in life when experiencing a new or momentous event for the first time, while long-term nervousness can be debilitating for mental and physical health.

Neural Pathways
Neural pathways are the vast neural network through which signals, in the form of electrical currents, travel throughout the brain from one area of the nervous system to another. These provide a communication system for the body, influencing virtually every area of the human condition, including thought, movement, behavior and mindset.

The word neuro refers to the various functions of the body's nervous system, which may involve mind, body, or both.

Neuroplasticity refers to the innate ability of the brain to create new neural connections, as a form of adaptation to a person's particular environment.

Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Neuro Linguistic Programming is a modality developed by John Grinder and Richard Bandler, approaching personal development from a viewpoint that mind, communication and behavior were deeply interlinked, which allowed various techniques to elicit positive change through these means. They introduced a unique NLP terminology to refer to or explain a range of new concepts they developed. NLP provided an additional set of skills which many existing therapists incorporated into their own practices. Amongst others, a famous proponent of NLP was Anthony Robbins.

'Now' is a powerful word in the self help industry - as it refers to the present moment, which regarded as the only moment in time where one can effectively create change in one's life (in terms of the past being a former time which has since passed, and the future being a time which has not yet arrived).

Nutrition is the practice of choosing to consume foods and beverages which help to promote and optimize physical and mental health, via a balanced and healthy diet.

Observations, in the self help industry, are often regarded as the conscious observing of a person's behavioral patterns, which may come from either the individual themselves, or from a third person. Often therapists will make observations based upon the speech patterns, thoughts and behavior of their clients during a session, in order to deduce the most effective ways to assist the client with aspects of their life.

Over-thinking is term generally regarded as an exaggerated focus, or stream, of cognitive thought - where the conscious mind may obsess over a particular aspect of life, often to the the temporary exclusion of others. This is often regarded as being to the detriment of peace of mind and spontaneity.

The past refers to a person's life history, and the accumulation of various past experiences which help to shape their mindset, beliefs, emotional states, physical health and attitudes to life. The past can be particularly relevant if a person is experiencing issues in their current life which may have stemmed from a difficult or traumatic event in their past.

Patterns, in the self help industry, generally refer to recurring patterns of thought or behavior - which may either be constructive or destructive in nature, depending upon the nature of the individual's life experience.



Peak Performance ("in the zone")
Peak performance is a term often used in sporting circles, in regard to performing at one's peak or optimum level of performance on the day. Often also called 'zoning' or performing 'in the zone'.

Performance is most often used as a term in sports, in regard to the various levels of performance during game - though performance levels and statistics are now often compiled in business and other areas.

Performance Anxiety
Performance anxiety is a fear of failure and its perceived ramifications, which often causes debilitating anxiety and stress, just as a person is about to attempt to perform a specific task which they perceive to be beyond their current level of ability. There are many forms of performance anxiety, such as that experienced by stage performers, public speakers and sporting athletes. See also sexual performance anxiety.

Personal Development
Personal development involves a wide range of personal experiences and activities which help to develop a person's potential as a human being, which in turn, enhances the quality and deeper understanding of life. This encompasses aspects such as the development of abilities, interpersonal and communication skills, as well as perception, self-awareness and capabilities.

Phobias are an extreme and involuntary fear of something specific - which often cause strong and automatic fearful reactions. There are many thousands of types of phobia. As fears of located within the subconscious, they do not respond to reasoning or logic - hence why hypnosis is often used for in treating them.

Physical, in self help terms, means the human body, or activities or functions related to the body.

In terms of self help, this refers to something which is constructive, often used in terms of various aspects of our wellbeing. eg. Exercise provided a positive outlet for their stress levels.

Positive Thoughts
Positive thoughts are a cognitive function, related to thoughts or ideas which often have some inspirational or uplifting mental effects on a person - no matter whether they are the source, or the recipient, of the thoughts.

Post Hypnotic Suggestion
Post hypnotic suggestions are a specific type of hypnotic suggestion designed to activate at a future time outside of the hypnosis session, in order to bring about a particular mental or physical function. This function may be mentally 'programmed' to occur at a specified time, or to be triggered by a specific thought or action of the recipient.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) is a type of anxiety condition caused by an intense traumatic event. This anxiety can be triggered by various events or memories, and often causes strong emotional upheaval, insomnia, phobic reactions to situations, increased sensitivity and depression. Returned soldiers who have experienced the trauma of war, often return home with some effects of PTSD.  

Potential, in the area of self help, usually refers to human potential - being a person's range of possibilities and opportunities they possess in life, both in the present time and in the future.

Present Moment
In the area of self help, the present moment is often used in terms of meditation and mindfulness, which are designed for relaxation by coaxing our mind's focus away from past memories or future goals, and instead being more consciously aware of the current or present moment in time. Eckhart Tolle wrote a popular book on this topic, called The Power of Now.

In the self help industry, pressure refers to mental or emotional strain, stress or burden. In modern life, stress and pressure can be experienced in many different forms - such as in work, relationships, health, social, finances, or when facing the various challenges in sport. The self help industry is built around a common goal of assisting people to overcome, or better deal with, the various unique pressures they experience, most often with different forms of relaxation and stress management. If pressures continue to build without being checked, they have the potential to bring about detrimental effects to mental and physical health.


In the self help industry, this term can be used in two different ways.

1. To use a process - is to create a system of chronological order of specific actions, designed to bring about a particular response, or to achieve a definitive result. This could include natural mental or physical processes, as well as those within nature, or specific processes brought about by human endeavor, in order to achieve greater efficiency or results.

2. A person may also mentally 'process' an event which they may have experienced - which means to mentally reconcile those events in their mind, in order to restore a sense of internal mental balance or peace of mind.

Psychological aspects are those related to a person's mental or emotional state.

Psychological Edge
To gain a psychological edge means to gain, or create, a mental advantage over a particular challenge, or rival. This form of mental activity is commonly used is sports, in the form of using intimidation to advance an athlete's or team's chances of victory over their opponent(s), and of a successful outcome.

Qigong MeditationQigong meditation is an ancient meditation technique, built upon the belief of the body possessing a network of natural energy pathways, which the meditation process frees, and opens up - both to prevent blockages, and to allow the body's natural energy to flow.

A reaction is a response to something - whether it be physical, mental or emotional. If specific reactions occur regularly, they may form patterns of behavior, which may be constructive or destructive in nature.

In self help, this usually relates to digital audio recordings which are used for creating positive change. This may include guided meditations, hypnosis recordings, brainwave entrainment audios, informational speeches and many others.

Recovery refers to the process of returning back to normal - such as back to good health, after an event which may have negatively impacted upon the person's level of health or wellbeing.

Reframing is an NLP term describing a process where a person can look at an issue from a completely different perspective, by 'reframing' it into a new situation or unrelated context. This process is designed to help the recipient to take a fresh view and approach to their life situations, in order to bring about different viewpoints which may possibly trigger future transformational changes or improvements.

In self help, regression is a term coined for a specific hypnotic technique designed to recover memories from previous lives, and used by particular therapists who believe that major current life issues may contain origins from past lives.

Reincarnation is the belief in multiple past and future lives or lifetimes, a belief observed by many Indian religions such as Buddhism, where the soul travels through time by living in a different physical body throughout various different lifetimes.

Close or intimate relationships with others are regarded as one of the keys to happiness, and also one of the major areas which experience stress when a person is dealing with anxiety or difficult personal issues. People often seek help if they are struggling with relationships in their life.

Relaxation is the major tool for transformation, in regard to training the mind for various types of self-improvement. This is due to its ability to open the window to the subconscious, allowing the possibility for conscious 'programming' of positive new habits, abilities, traits and behaviors.

Release (emotional release / catharsis)
Emotional release - often called catharsis - is a process where a person releases and lets go of long-term or pent-up emotional pain from past experiences.

Resistance - in the self help industry, resistance means an involuntary subconscious reaction or rejection, in response to a specific new thought or action being attempted - causing a level of automatic defense or pushback at the psychological level.

Self Awareness
Self awareness is a term often used in self help circles to describe a person's level of perception in themselves, their mental and physical state, their life and life situation. Meditation and various self help modalities are generally regarded to promote greater self awareness through increased mental clarity.

Self Criticism
Self-criticism often refers to an overly negative self-evaluation of one's self, skills and abilities, which can lead to increased stress and anxiety.


Self Esteem
Self esteem is one of the important building blocks to living a happy life, as the way we see ourselves is a major barometer towards how those around us will also see us. Much of our self esteem levels are developed in childhood and our upbringing, though through various techniques, and also through positive life experiences, these levels can be strengthened to better reflect the multi-faceted and unique individual you are.

Self Help
Self help refers to a movement which began back in the 70's, designed to make people more aware of taking responsibility for their lives, and developing themselves and their abilities. It has since evolved and grown to be a popular industry which covers a wide range of different modalities and specialists, which can impact upon every area of the mental, physical and metaphysical.

Self Image
Self image is the way we see and think about ourselves, and helps to create and mirror our attitude and respect we have, for ourselves as a person. Self image also contributes towards what we consider our own levels of worthiness - that is, how worthy or entitled we feel we are, in regard to achieving happiness, love, acceptance, intimacy and abundance. Self image can be improved and strengthened at any time, which can bring about internal and external life transformation - as those with a low self image often experience issues in regard to confidence, relationships and life success. The opposite applies to those possessing a strong and healthy self image - generally life experiences tend to be more positive overall.

Self Pity
Self pity is generally regarded as an inward mental focus, characterized by a feeling of helplessness, which can often create a detrimental effect upon a person's attitude and mindset - in regard to themselves, their self image, and their life.

Self Harm (self abuse)
Self-harm is where a person knowingly and purposefully hurts themselves physically in some way. This is usually caused by internal feelings of emotional pain or trauma, and though self harm does not relate to suicidal thoughts, it has some serious implications for mental health which need to be addressed by a professional psychologist or psychiatrist.

Self Hypnosis (auto hypnosis)
Self hypnosis involves a self-induced state of hypnosis, for the purpose of relaxation or self improvement.

Self-Imposed Limits
Self-imposed limits are limits which people create and bestow upon themselves, which tend to limit their abilities and possibilities in whatever areas of life these particular limits have been imposed.

Self Talk
Self-talk is the internal dialogue of the conscious mind, and it is estimated the number of thoughts per waking day may number up to 65,000 thoughts. These thoughts flow relatively constantly, apart from during sleep and during times of quiet meditation, and may comprise of both positive and negative thoughts, some of which may be factual while others purely subjective or emotional.

Sexual Hypnosis
Sexual hypnosis is simply the use of hypnosis for the enhancement of various different sexual needs.

Sexual Performance Anxiety
Sexual Performance Anxiety is the obstruction of healthy sexual performance due to stress or anxiety. It can occur in both men and women, though erectile dysfunction in men is the most commonly reported issue. This can occur due to a range of different reasons, including low body image, relationship issues, fear of not being good enough in bed or not performing to the level of expectation.

Sexuality are a person's sexual attractions, feelings and behaviors towards other people. Sexuality is widely diverse in the world population, and is an integral part of human identity and sense of self. Discovering your sexuality can be a very liberating, exciting and positive experience.

While the general definition of silence is the absence of sound - in self help terms, silence is more often referred to as an absence of thought. Particularly in the areas of meditation and deep relaxation, human brainwaves slow to levels which virtually shut down the conscious mind's incessant internal dialogue, creating moments of cognitive silence.

Skills, in the area of self help, are often mental or physical aspects which recipients wish to strengthen and enhance through hypnosis, and other mental abilities such as visualization.


Sleep is a natural and essential function designed to rest the mind and body from the day's events. The brain progressively slows down from the awakened state (characterized by the brain's beta brainwave), down to the alpha state (light relaxation), continuing on down to the theta state (deeper relaxation), and finally coming to rest in the delta state, sometimes known as the deep sleep or unconscious state. Sleeping is a state of reduced perception, sensory activity or mental responses, where the body's mental and physical systems are able to restore and rejuvenate.

Slumps (sports)
An extended period of not performing up to one's own, or others', expected levels of performance, whether it be in sport, business or other areas of life.

Social Anxiety (social phobia)
Social anxiety is a more recently recognized type of disorder, where the person often experiences extreme levels of fear, stress, trepidation or apprehension in various types of social settings, no matter whether they are big or small. This anxiety often extends to the areas of difficulty communicating with others, meeting new people, or attending any type of social event, where they often feel emotionally exposed and unfairly judged - regardless of whether this is the case in reality, or otherwise. Most often this leads to a fear of leaving the perceived safety of home, which becomes regarded as a haven where they do not need to face or experience the various triggers of their anxiety.

Sound Bath Meditation
Sound bath meditation is an ancient form of meditation making use of various instruments such as gongs, singing bowls and tingshas to relax the mind through sound vibration.

Speaking means human vocal communication, usually to another person. It is a person's way of explaining how they feel, what their needs are, and how they view the world. Ironically, public speaking - that is, speaking to a crowd or an audience - is one of the most prevalent fears in modern times, often regarded as being even greater than the fear of death.

In the areas of mind training and self help, spirit is most often defined as a person's level of morale, optimism and enthusiasm. In more spiritual modalities, it refers to a person's soul, or the spiritual presence within mind and body.

The intangible realm which lies beyond, or intertwined within, the mental and physical aspects of human life.

Sports are one the areas that mental training is often used for, to help increase the quality and consistency of performance, and access the mental state often known as 'the zone' - the peak performance state, more often.

Stillness is a term often used in meditation circles, in terms of stilling or silencing the conscious mind's incessant chattering thoughts, and is used for the purpose of achieving moments of relaxation and inner peace.

Stress refers to various different types of anxiety. Stress is extremely common in modern society, in areas such as work stress, monetary stress, relationship stress, health stress, etc. (See also Stress Management)

Stress Management
Stress Management refers to the various methods and techniques for handling and managing stress and anxiety, such as relaxation, meditation, exercise, addressing stressors directly, and a wide range of other methodologies.

This is the sleeping giant within us - which controls our automatic and reflex functions and body movement, and houses our beliefs and memory bank. This is the area which can be contacted and influenced with relaxation, in order to create new and positive changes in our lives

Subliminal refers to a process where auditory or visual information bypasses the attention of the conscious mind, in the effort to be accepted directly within the subconscious. Subliminals are a process used at times in hypnosis, with the subject's permission - often used to help to facilitate acceptance of particular types of hypnotic commands, which may otherwise cause emotional disruption if recited at the conscious level. These may be used in instances to avoid increased conscious thought, which can disrupt the benefits of the hypnotic process, or to deal with previous traumatic events without requiring to bring the issue back to the person's conscious awareness.

Success is a term often used in society to gauge achievement in life. Many people regard specific goals or milestones achieved as being levels of success, either in their own lives or in the lives of others.



Theta brainwaves
(the normal awakened state, vibrating at 13-30 Hz), alpha (lightly relaxed, 8-12 Hz), theta (extremely relaxed 4-8 Hz), delta (the slowest brainwave, and the deep sleep state - 0.5-4 Hz), and gamma (the high performance state, 32-100 Hz).

Thoughts are cognitive non-verbal ideas, opinions, plans, decisions and beliefs which occur within the conscious mind. The mind is said to think approximately 65,000 thoughts a day, during the awakened state - and these thoughts may vary in focus from those focused upon ourselves, to those concerning the world around us.

Top Form (sports)
Performing or training at the peak of one's sporting ability.

Training refers to practicing a specific mental, physical or spiritual task in the aspiration of improving a specific ability.

A trance state is a state of mind between the awakened and unconscious state. Due to movie depictions and stage hypnotists, it is a popular, but incorrect, thought that the trance state is required for hypnosis or meditation.

Transcendental Meditation (TM)
Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a particular type of meditation which utilizes the reciting of a silent mantra in order to bring a mental state of inner peace, and the various validated benefits which meditation has shown to deliver.

Transformation is a major life change of some kind, whether it be physical, mental or spiritual.

Trauma, and traumatic experiences, often cause ongoing issues later in life in the form of post-traumatic stress (PTSD), and is one of the most common reasons for people seeking various forms of therapy, in order to reconcile those traumatic experiences within the mind.

Unconscious, in the self help industry, generally refers to the cognitive aspects of the mind which are below human conscious awareness, often called the subconscious.

Unconscious Mind
The unconscious mind, often termed the subconscious, runs a wide range of cognitive processes below human conscious awareness, such as memory, respiration, circulation, cellular regeneration, digestive system, immune system, physical movement, and many others. In computer terms, it could be compared to the software that runs the hardware - being the brain, and the body.

Un-guided Meditation
An un-guided meditation refers to when the meditator progress through a meditative process without the assistance of various verbal or auditory prompts or cues to guide the way.

Vipassana Meditation
Vipassana meditation is a meditation technique which involves focusing intently upon particular aspects for the intention to move towards enlightenment.

In the areas of self help and mental training, visual usually refers to a person who has strong mental imagination abilities, which allows them to more easily absorb information through vision, rather than through auditory or kinesthetic means. This ability also allows them to mentally visualize clear pictures in their minds during thought, and for different types of meditation or visualization techniques. eg. A visual person can easily mentally imagine a quiet, peaceful happy place in their mind, whether it be real, or imagined - in order to elicit the relaxation response.

Visualization (visualisation)
In the area of self help, visualization is closely related to imagery - and is the natural mental ability to picture vivid scenarios within the mind, for the purpose of thought, goal setting, relaxation, motivation, meditation, mental training, hypnosis or a wide range of other uses.

Wealth Consciousness
A wealth consciousness refers to the overall mindset, attitude and set of beliefs congruent with creating and attracting abundance in life.

Weight Loss
Weight loss is the one of the popular topics in hypnosis, as it can improve a range of life habits such as better nutrition and increasing exercise, as well as influence various internal physical responses, such as increasing metabolism - which the subconscious mind controls, along with other automatic responses within the human body.

Zen meditation
Zen meditation is an ancient form of meditation which allows the mind to rest in a state of awareness and presence without guidance, while lightly focusing upon the movement of breath in and out of body.

‘Zoning’ ('in the zone')
Zoning is a term sometimes used in sport, referring to achieving peak mental and physical performance.